Before St. John’s was built on Bear Island, families wanting to attend Sunday religious services rowed to Advent Cove on Meredith Neck and trudged up the hillside to attend services at the white frame Meeting House built in 1839. Now known as Meredith Neck Church, it is still actively supported during the summer months.   For other islanders, services were held in floating vespers especially in the vicinity of Birch and Jolly island which a great many religious leaders summered with their families.

Early Vespers

Floating Vespers off the shore of Jolly Island.

In the early 1920s, interest arose from several sources in having more regular opportunity for summer worship on the island. The Rt. Rev. Edward Melville Parker, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire, and the Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes of Stamford, Connecticut, and Birch Island, particularly desired that a summer chapel be built at the highest point on Bear Island. An observation tower, built around 1900 by Ellery Channing Mansfield, was already standing at this spot.

The original Fire tower

The original Fire tower

In 1926, Bishop Parker having died, a tract of land was purchased by the Rt. Rev. John T. Dallas for the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire. The tower was repaired and enclosed, and the sanctuary built of local stone was erected between May and July 1927. Much of the cost of $4,000 was donated by island residents. The chapel was dedicated by Bishop Dallas in memory of Bishop Parker. The church was intended to be a religious center for the somewhat scattered island population regardless of religious affiliation. Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes was Priest-in-Charge for weekly services with two services sometimes held on Sundays. About ten minutes before church convened, Rev. Forbes would tug on the rope which hung from the tower bell to summon everyone walking up the paths. Boatloads of worshipers from the Weirs, along with other craft, parked at the church docks in Deep Cove. There was no church organ, and Mrs. Forbes usually set the pitch for hymns with the congregation following her lead. After the Benediction, everyone clambered up the tower stairs to enjoy the 360 degree view for, in those days, no trees obstructed it. The chapel trails, badly damaged by the 1938 hurricane, were cleared by U.S. Forest Service woodsmen so that only the July, 1939, services had to be omitted.

The view from the top of the tower

The view from the top of the tower

Services were held sporadically following the resignation of Rev. Forbes in 1939.  World War II gas rationing further affected all island functions, including church attendance as many had to forgo vacations. In 1954, a proposal was made to form the St. John’s-on-the-Lake Association to provide funds to keep the church in operation and to oppose the ordered closing of the church at the end of the season. The association was organized that December and, working with the Diocese, took over the church’s financing needs and the obtaining of services from clergy. In 1962, John Ripley Forbes, the son of  Rev. Forbes, took on the position of President of the Association. Regular services were held and conducted by clergy of various denominations, making it a more truly ecumenical church.



Bell in the Tower calls worshipers to services each summer Sunday.

That same year a new 200 pound bell was donated to replace the original tower bell, which had been stolen by vandals.  The new bell originally rang on a steam locomotive of the New Jersey General Railroad.

The gift of an organ to St. John's ' greatly enhanced the sound of hymns.

Rocking the organ


In 1967, when Dr. Stanley Hopper was President of the Association, the organ pictured was donated. It has been lovingly played, repaired and enhanced since.

In August 1976, the deed to the church was turned over to the St. John’s-on-the-Lake Association for $1.00 with the stipulation that the church will revert to the Diocese if it is ever used for other than religious purposes.

The chapel, beautiful in its simplicity, with altar and lectern of white birch, contains ten Roman Arch memorial windows. Many other memorials have been presented to the church, a tribute to many of those who were key in the developing and maintaining the chapel as a place for all to enjoy. Excerpts from this abbreviated history were taken from Bear Island Reflections, copies of which can be obtained from the Bear Island Conservation Association.

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